The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) is the United Nations body for assessing the science related to climate change.https://www.ipcc.ch/about/
In 1988, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), created IPCC to provide governments at all levels with scientific information that they can use to develop climate policies. IPCC reports are also a key input into international climate change negotiations. The IPCC is an organization of governments that are members of the United Nations or WMO. The IPCC currently has 195 members.
A quick list of points to be remembered
- IPCC is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
- IPCC was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 “for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change”.
- IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) , has released its first part on 2021. The Working Group II (WGII) released it’s report on 28 February 2022.
Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability
Highlights of IPCC Sixth Assessment Report released on 28 Feb 2022
- Human-induced climate change is causing dangerous and widespread disruption in nature and affecting the lives of billions of people around the world, despite efforts to reduce the risks. People and ecosystems least able to cope are being hardest hit.
- The world faces unavoidable multiple climate hazards over the next two decades with global warming of 1.5°C (2.7°F).
- Increased heatwaves, droughts and floods are already exceeding plants’ and animals’ tolerance thresholds, driving mass mortalities in species such as trees and corals.
- To avoid mounting loss of life, biodiversity and infrastructure, ambitious, accelerated action is required to adapt to climate change, at the same time as making rapid, deep cuts in greenhouse gas emissions.
- The report clearly states Climate Resilient Development is already challenging at current warming levels. It will become more limited if global warming exceeds 1.5°C (2.7°F). In some regions it will be impossible if global warming exceeds 2°C (3.6°F).
- “But cities also provide opportunities for climate action – green buildings, reliable supplies of clean water and renewable energy, and sustainable transport systems that connect urban and rural areas can all lead to a more inclusive, fairer society.”
- Mumbai at high risk of severe flooding and sea-level rise;
- Ahmedabad a serious case of urban heat island;
- Several cities, including Chennai, Bhubaneshwar, Patna and Lucknow, approaching dangerous levels of heat and humidity.
Paris Agreement of 2015
- The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty on climate change. It was adopted by 196 Parties at COP 21 in Paris, on 12 December 2015 and entered into force on 4 November 2016.
- The goal is to limit global warming to well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels.
The report recognizes the interdependence of climate, biodiversity and people and integrates natural, social and economic sciences more strongly than earlier IPCC assessments,” said Hoesung Lee, Chair of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).