Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) produces the largest global dataset on democracy
with over 30 million data points for 202 countries from 1789 to 2021. Involving over
3,700 scholars and other country experts, V-Dem measures hundreds of different
attributes of democracy. V-Dem enables new ways to study the nature, causes, and
consequences of democracy embracing its multiple meanings

Democracy Report 2022

Democracy Report 2022: Autocratisation Changing Nature

A report from the Sweden based V-Dem Institute observes that “The level of democracy enjoyed by the average global citizen in 2021 is down to 1989 levels. The last 30 years of democratic advances are now eradicated”

The report evaluates that “A Record 33 Countries are Autocratizing”. The military coups resulted in 4 new closed autocracies –Chad, Guinea, Mali, and Myanmar.

The Democracy Report 2022 analyzes the evidence from three perspectives.
The first part examines the state of the world in 2021 based on the Liberal Democracy Index (LDI) and the Regimes of the World (RoW) Index. The second part of the report focuses on countries that are in a process of changing.
The third part presents data on coups, polarization, and disinformation, all of which signal that the
fundamental dynamics of the current wave of autocratization may be changing.

The least democratic areas in the world include the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region,
Central Asia, and parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. Countries such as Afghanistan, Belarus, China, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, and Venezuela are among the most autocratic in the world.

A Self-Coup in Tunisia

Ten years after a democratic breakthrough, President Said Kaied staged a self-coup in Tunisia. The only country to democratize after the Arab Spring and the top democratizer in the world in last year’s Democracy Report is now an electoral autocracy.
Large-scale protests erupted in Tunisia on July 25th, 2021 in response to Covid-19-induced economic and public health problems.
President Saied responded by suspending the government and parliament in violation of the constitutional provisions.

The countries are categorised based on V-Dem’s liberal democracy index (LDI), which captures both electoral and liberal aspects of democracy and goes from the lowest (0) to the highest (1) levels of democracy.

Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a unique approach to conceptualizing and measuring democracy. V-Dem Institute is under Department of Political Science University of Gothenburg Sweden.

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