In May 2016, Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas (MOPNG), introduced the ‘Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana’ (PMUY) as a flagship scheme with an objective to make clean cooking fuel such as LPG available to the rural and deprived households which were otherwise using traditional cooking fuels such as firewood, coal, cow-dung cakes etc. Usage of traditional cooking fuels had detrimental impacts on the health of rural women as well as on the environment.
The scheme was launched on 1st May 2016 in Ballia, Uttar Pradesh by Hon’ble Prime Minister of India, Shri. Narendra Modi.
A recent study by a group of researchers from WRI India reports that at least 13% of deaths due to air pollution has been reduced with the introduction of PMUY.
Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) aims to safeguard the health of women & children by providing them with a clean cooking fuel – LPG, so that they don’t have to compromise their health in smoky kitchens or wander in unsafe areas collecting firewood.
- Women above 18 years of age .
- There should not be any other LPG connection from any OMC in the same household.
- Adult woman belonging to any of the following categories – SC, ST, Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Gramin), Most Backward Classes (MBC), Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY), Tea and Ex- Tea Garden tribes, Forest Dwellers, People residing in Islands and River Islands, enlisted under SECC Households (AHL TIN) or any Poor Household as per 14-point declaration.
Advantages of using Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)
- Health related issues for cooking women:
- Women develop catarrh, a condition in which a lot of thick sticky liquid (mucus) is produced in the nose and throat, especially due to some infection, chest pains or lung disorders, infection in eye as smoke enters the eye etc.
- Difficulty in procuring alternative forms of energy and issues related to collection of firewood and its after effects.
- Easy of Cooking
- Faster cooking
- Fuel efficient
- Ecological safety
- Higher Fuel Efficiency
- LPG is extremely efficient at generating heat and has a higher calorific value per unit than other fuels, such as coal and firewood, meaning the flame burns hotter.