[ The Shaurya is a canister launched hypersonic surface-to-surface tactical missile developed by the Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for use by the Indian Armed Forces. It has a range of 700 to 1,900 km (430 to 1,180 mi) and is capable of carrying a payload of 200 to 1,000 kg (440 to 2,200 lb) conventional or nuclear warhead. It gives the potential to strike at very-long-range against any adversary.]
What are hypersonic missiles?
Hypersonic weapons are defined as anything traveling beyond Mach 5 or five times faster than the speed of sound.
A hypersonic speed is one that exceeds 5 times the speed of sound, often stated as starting at speeds of Mach 5 and above. At higher hypersonic speeds, the molecules break apart producing an electrically charged plasma around the aircraft.
Hypersonic weapons such as Russia’s 3M22 Zircon fly so fast and low — at speeds of up to Mach 6 and at a low atmospheric-ballistic trajectory — that they can penetrate traditional anti-missile defense systems.
Why did Russia use hypersonic ballistic missile?
Russia’s defence ministry says it attacked Ukraine with hypersonic missiles from Crimean airspace. Kinzhal, (Kh 47M2), Russian hypersonic missile, can hit a target up to 2,000km (1,240 miles) away and can fly faster than 6,000 km/h. The Mikoyan MiG-31 is a supersonic interceptor aircraft that was developed for use by the Soviet Air Forces. Kinzhal fired from MiG-31 forms a plasma cloud as it moves, absorbing radio waves and making it practically invisible to active radar systems.
Kinzhal has a claimed range of more than 2,000 km (1,200 mi), Mach 10 speed, and an ability to perform evasive maneuvers at every stage of its flight. It can carry both conventional and nuclear warheads