Prime Minister Narendra Modi dedicated to the nation a 500 KV solar plant at the nondescript hamlet of Palli in Jammu and Kashmir’s border district of Samba on 24 April 2022. The solar plant was installed in a record time of three weeks. The cost of the project comes to about ₹ 2.75 crore. The power generated will be supplied to the village through a local power station grid.

What is Carbon Neutrality?

Carbon neutrality is a state where there the net carbon-di-oxide emissions is zero. The state is also known at “Net-Zero Emissions”. Removing carbon oxide from the atmosphere and then storing it is known as carbon sequestration. In order to achieve net zero emissions, all worldwide greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions will have to be counterbalanced by carbon sequestration.

Currently, Bhutan (carbon-negative), Suriname (carbon negative since 2014) and Panama (2021) are the countries that have achieved carbon neutrality.

 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has reported that “Global net human-caused carbon dioxide emissions would need to fall by around 45 percent from 2010 levels by 2030, reaching ‘net zero’ around 2050”

According to World Resources Institute, the top three greenhouse gas emitters are China, the European Union and the United States which together contribute 41.5% of total global emissions. Per capita greenhouse gas emissions are highest in the United States and Russia. Emissions from India contribute 7.08% to global emissions while China contriburtes to 26.1% of the total global emissions. India is the world’s fourth largest emitter of carbon dioxide after China, the US and the EU. India has promised to cut its emissions to net zero by 2070 at GLASGOW CLIMATE CHANGE CONFERENCE 2021.

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