Election to the Office of President of India, 2022,16th Presidential Election, will be held on July 18, the Election Commission of India announced on 09.06.2022

In a press conference held at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi, theChief Election Commissioner of India Shri.Rajiv Kumar announced the dates for the Presidential Elections 2022.

Article 324 of the Constitution read with the Presidential and Vice –Presidential Elections Act, 1952, and the Presidential and Vice – Presidential Elections Rules, 1974 vests the superintendence, direction and control of the conduct of election to the office of the President of India in the Election Commission of India.

Article 324 Superintendence, direction and control of elections to be vested in an Election Commission

Article 324 (1) The superintendence, direction and control of the preparation of the electoral rolls for, and the conduct of, all elections to Parliament and to the Legislature of every State and of elections to the officesof President and Vice-President held under thisConstitution 1*** shall be vested in a Commission (referred to in this Constitution as the Election Commission).

Electoral College

As per the Article 54 of the Constitution of India, the President is elected
by the members of the Electoral College consisting of:
(I) elected members of both Houses of Parliament, and
(II) elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of all States including National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union Territory of Puducherry.

Article 54 : Election of President.

The President shall be elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of—
(a) the elected members of both Houses ofParliament; and
(b) the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States.
[Explanation.—In this article and in article 55, ”State” includes the National Capital Territory of Delhi and the Union territory of *Pondicherry.]

Term of the office of the President

The President shall hold office for a term of 5 years from the date on which he enters upon his office. He shall, however, continue to hold office notwithstanding the expiry of his term, until his successor enters upon his office.

Article 56 : Term of office of President.

(1) The President shall hold office for a term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his
office:
Provided that—
(a) the President may, by writing under his hand addressed to the Vice-President, resign his office;
(b) the President may, for violation of the Constitution, be removed from office by impeachment
in the manner provided in article 61;
(c) the President shall, notwithstanding the expiration of his term, continue to hold office until
his successor enters upon his office.
(2) Any resignation addressed to the Vice-President under clause (a) of the proviso to clause (1) shall forthwith be communicated by him to the Speaker of the House of the People.

Notifcation for the election of the Office of President of India

Under the provisions of sub-section (3) of Section 4 of the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act, 1952, the notification calling the election to the office of the President can be issued by the Election Commission on any day within the period of sixty days before the expiry of the term of office of the outgoing President. The election schedule shall be so fixed, that the President-elect is able to enter upon his office on the day following the expiry of the term of the outgoing President

Article 62 : Time of holding election to fill vacancy in the office of President and the term of
office of person elected to fill casual vacancy.

(1) An election to fill a vacancy caused by the expiration of the term of office of President shall be completed before the expiration of the term.
(2) An election to fill a vacancy in the office of President occurring by reason of his death, resignation or
removal, or otherwise shall be held as soon as possible after, and in no case later than six months from, the date of occurrence of the vacancy; and the person elected to fillthe vacancy shall, subject to the provisions of article 56, be entitled to hold office for the full term of five years from the date on which he enters upon his office.

Qualifications required by a candidate to contest the election to the Office of the President of India

Article 58 : Qualifications for election as President.

1) No person shall be eligible for election as President unless he—
(a) is a citizen of India,
(b) has completed the age of thirty-five years, and
(c) is qualified for election as a member of the House of the People.
(2) A person shall not be eligible for election as President if he holds any office of profit under the Government of India or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject to the control of any of the said Governments

A nomination paper of a candidate for the election has to be made in the prescribed form (Form 2 appended to the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Rules, 1974) and it has to be subscribed by at least fifty electors as proposers and at least fifty electors as seconders. The nomination paper duly completed in all respects has to be presented to the Returning Officer, between 11AM and 3PM on any day other than on a public holiday appointed for the purpose by the Election Commission, either by the candidate himself or by any of his proposers or seconders. Here “Electors” mean elected MPs and elected MLAs who are electors for Presidential Election.
The Security Deposit for the election, of Rs.15000/- should also be deposited either in cash with the Returning Officer or a receipt showing that the amount has been deposited by the candidate or on his behalf in the Reserve Bank of India or in a Government Treasury should be furnished along with the nomination paper.
The candidate is also required to furnish a certified copy of the entry showing his name in the current electoral roll for the Parliamentary Constituency in which the candidate is registered as an elector. [see Sections 5B and 5C of the President and Vice-President Elections Act, 1952]

Value of Votes

Source: Election Commission of India, Presidential Election 2017
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