Osaka District Court ruled that the ban on same-sex marriages is constitutional. Japan is the only G-7 (Group of 7) member country that does not allow same sex marriage.

The Japanese constitution define marriages as a relationship between two ‘sexes’. In the present situation, Japan does not recognize marriage between same sex as legal.

The ruling of court has disappointed the gay and lesbian rights activists and couples who intented to legalise their union.

Taiwan is the only Asian country that legally permits couples of same sex to marry after the bill to allow same sex marriage was passed in 2019.

Armenia, Cambodia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Russia are the other Asian countries that have constitutional ban on same sex marriages while rest of all countries have not recognized such marriages.

On 1st April 2022, Supriya Sule, Member of Parliament – Baramati Lok Sabha Constituency, Maharashtra, of Nationalist Congress Party introduced The Special Marriage (Amendment) Bill (2022) in the Parliament aims to provide equal marriage rights to gay and lesbian community.

In 2018, Navtej Singh Johar vs. Union of India Supreme Court decriminalised all consensual sex among adults, including homosexual sex. The supreme court declared Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, a colonial-era law which, among other things, criminalised homosexual acts as an “unnatural offence” as unconstitutional. Other aspects in Section 377 relating to rape, sex with minors remain in force.

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