Parameswaran Iyer, a 1981-batch IAS officer of Uttar Pradesh cadre, who spearheaded the government’s Swachh Bharat Mission to eradicate open defecation by constructing over 90 million toilets in rural India will lead NITI Aayog

National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog is the premier policy think tank of the Government of India, providing directional and policy input. It was formed on 2015 to replace the Planning Commission of India.

Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of NITI Aayog is appointed by the Prime Minister for a fixed tenure, in the rank of Secretary to the Government of India.  Sindhushree Khullar was the first CEO of NITI Aayog.

NITI Aayog’s entire gamut of activities can be divided into four main heads:

  1. Policy and Programme Framework
  2. Cooperative Federalism
  3. Monitoring and Evaluation
  4. Think Tank, and Knowledge and Innovation Hub

The NITI Aayog will work towards the following objectives:
a. To evolve a shared vision of national development priorities, sectors and strategies with the active involvement of States in the light of national objectives. The vision of the NITI Aayog will then provide a framework ‘national agenda’ for the Prime Minister and the Chief Ministers to provide impetus to
b. To foster cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis, recognizing that strong States make a strong nation
c. To develop mechanisms to formulate credible plans at the village level and aggregate these progressively at higher levels of government
d. To ensure, on areas that are specifically referred to it, that the interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy
e. To pay special attention to the sections of our society that may be at risk of not benefitting adequately from economic progress
f. To design strategic and long term policy and programme frameworks and initiatives, and monitor their progress and their efficacy. The lessons learnt through monitoring and feedback will be used for making innovative improvements, including necessary mid-course corrections
g. To provide advice and encourage partnerships between key stakeholders and national and international likeminded Think Tanks, as well as educational and policy research institutions
h. To create a knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurial support system through a collaborative community of national and international experts, practitioners and other partners
i. To offer a platform for resolution of inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues in order to accelerate the implementation of the development agenda
j . To maintain a state-of-the-art Resource Centre, be a repository of research on good governance and best practices in sustainable and equitable development as well as help their dissemination to stake-holders
k. To actively monitor and evaluate the implementation of programmes and initiatives, including the identificationof the needed resources so as to strengthen the probability of success and scope of delivery
l.To focus on technology upgradation and capacity building for implementation of programmes and initiatives
m. To undertake other activities as may be necessary in order to further the execution of the national development agenda, and the objectives mentioned above.

The NITI Aayog will comprise the following:
a. Prime Minister of India as the Chairperson
b. Governing Council comprising the Chief Ministers of all the States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories
c. Regional Councils will be formed to address specific issues and contingencies impacting more than one state or a region. These will be formed for a specified tenure. The Regional Councils will be convened by the Prime Minister and will comprise of the Chief Ministers of States and Lt. Governors of Union Territories in the region. These will be chaired by the Chairperson of the NITI Aayog or his nominee
d. Experts, specialists and practitioners with relevant domain knowledge as special invitees nominated by the Prime Minister

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